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Figurative Language

  Using figures of speech in your writing helps you create a more expressive, poetic, and imaginative paragraph.*



A simile is a comparison between two different things.  It uses the word like or as.

Her eyes looked like two blue lakes.

The sky was as black as ink.


 A metaphor is a comparison between two different things.  It does not use like or as.

Her eyes were two blue lakes.

The sky was black ink.


Personification gives human qualities, action, feelings, or characteristics to non-living objects.

My car coughed as it went up the hill.

The snowflakes kissed my nose and cheeks.


(Easy to use in your title.)

Alliteration is the repetition of the same or very similar sounds in words.

The rain rapped rapidly on the railing.

The children in room 32 cheerfully chatted while playing checkers.


(Great for use in an attention grabber sentence)

Onomatopoeia is a word for a sound.


The bees buzzed.

Thump, thump, thump went my heart as I sat in the roller coaster seat.


*Being able to recognize all of the above examples of figurative writing is a third grade standard. Using at least one or two of these kinds of sentences in a personal narrative is recommended, but don't overdo their use, because it's like adding too much spice to a recipe.  Did you notice the simile? 

The below link has printable worksheets to practice writing a variety of sentences with different sentence starters.